Draghi’s Italian Economy

Italy has recently gone through a summer of overachievement, giving the nation a plethora of things to cheer about. At first, Italian band Måneskin won the European Song contest, followed by its Azzuri clinching the European Championships by beating England in the final, its sprinters winning gold in 4×100 relay at Tokyo and an ItalianContinue reading “Draghi’s Italian Economy”

Turkey’s economic malaise

Since 2002, Turkey’s GDP growth relative to other developing and emerging economies has been slow. This is a sharp contrast to the previous economic growth and prosperity that Turkey enjoyed in previous decades. In more recent years, Turkey’s economic situation has only gotten worse, exemplified by the sharp decline in the value of the TurkishContinue reading “Turkey’s economic malaise”

An energy crisis in Europe

Surging gas and electricity prices have hit much of Europe, including the UK. Since July 2020, gas prices have soared due to supply shocks, rendering a Winter energy crisis imminent. Such inflation in the energy sector greatly threatens the post-pandemic recovery, as consumers are faced with reduced disposable income. As a result, it is unsurprisingContinue reading “An energy crisis in Europe”

National Insurance Contributions

National Insurance was first introduced in 1911 by the Liberal government at the time. The first part of national insurance provided health insurance for employees, whereby both employees and employers contributed fixed amounts towards a health insurance fund. In turn, employees received free treatment for conditions such as tuberculosis. The second part of national insuranceContinue reading “National Insurance Contributions”